Date::Manip::Lang::dutch

NAME

Date::Manip::Lang::dutch − Dutch language support.

SYNOPSIS

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.
Month names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

januari
februari
maart
april
mei
juni
juli
augustus
september
oktober
november
december

The following abbreviations may be used:

jan
feb
maa
mrt
apr
mei
jun
jul
aug
sep
oct
okt
nov
dec

Day names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

maandag
dinsdag
woensdag
donderdag
vrijdag
zaterdag
zondag

The following abbreviations may be used:

ma
di
wo
do
vr
zat
za
zon
zo

The following short (1−2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

M
D
W
D
V
Za
Zo

Delta field names

These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

jaren
jaar
ja
j
maanden
maand
mnd
weken
week
w
dagen
dag
d
uren
uur
u
h
minuten
m
minuut
min
seconden
seconde
sec
s

Morning/afternoon times

This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12−hour time rather than a 24−hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

am
a.m.
vm
v.m.
voormiddag
's ochtends
ochtend
's nachts
nacht
pm
p.m.
nm
n.m.
namiddag
's middags
middag
's avonds
avond

Each or every

There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

elke
elk

Next/Previous/Last occurrence

There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week
LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday
LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

volgende
volgend

Previous occurrence:

voorgaande
voorgaand
vorige

Last occurrence:

laatste
afgelopen

Delta words for going forward/backward in time

When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

geleden
vroeger
eerder
over
later

Business mode

This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

exact
precies
nauwkeurig
ongeveer
ong
ong.
circa
ca
ca.

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

werk
werkdagen
zakelijke
zakelijk

Numbers

Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1ste
eerste
een
2de
tweede
twee
3de
derde
drie
4de
vierde
vier
5de
vijfde
vijf
6de
zesde
zes
7de
zevende
zeven
8ste
achtste
acht
9de
negende
negen
10de
tiende
tien
11de
elfde
elf
12de
twaalfde
twaalf
13de
dertiende
dertien
14de
veertiende
veertien
15de
vijftiende
vijftien
16de
zestiende
zestien
17de
zeventiende
zeventien
18de
achttiende
achttien
19de
negentiende
negentien
20ste
twintigstetiende
twintigtien
twintig
21ste
eenentwintigstetiende
een−en−twintigste
eenentwintigtien
een−en−twintig
Eenentwintig
22ste
tweeentwintigstetiende
twee−en−twintigste
tweeentwintigtien
twee−en−twintig
tweeentwintig
tweeentwintigste
tweeëntwintig
tweeëntwintigste
23ste
drieentwintigstetiende
drie−en−twintigste
drieentwintigtien
drie−en−twintig
drieentwintig
drieentwintigste
drieëntwintig
drieëntwintigste
24ste
vierentwintigstetiende
vier−en−twintigste
vierentwintigtien
vier−en−twintig
vierentwintig
vierentwintigste
25ste
vijfentwintigstetiende
vijf−en−twintigste
vijfentwintigtien
vijf−en−twintig
vijfentwintig
vijfentwintigste
26ste
zesentwintigstetiende
zes−en−twintigste
zesentwintigtien
zes−en−twintig
zesentwintig
zesentwintigste
27ste
zevenentwintigstetiende
zeven−en−twintigste
zevenentwintigtien
zeven−en−twintig
zevenentwintig
zevenentwintigste
28ste
achtentwintigstetiende
acht−en−twintigste
achtentwintigtien
acht−en−twintig
achtentwintig
achtentwintigste
29ste
negenentwintigstetiende
negen−en−twintigste
negenentwintigtien
negen−en−twintig
negenentwintig
negenentwintigste
30ste
dertigsteentwintigstetiende
dertigste−en−twintigste
dertigentwintigtien
dertig−en−twintig
dertig
dertigste
31ste
eenendertigsteentwintigstetiende
een−en−dertigste−en−twintigste
eenendertigentwintigtien
een−en−dertig−en−twintig
eenendertig
eenendertigste
32ste
tweeendertig
tweeendertigste
tweeëndertig
tweeëndertigste
33ste
drieendertig
drieendertigste
drieëndertig
drieëndertigste
34ste
vierendertig
vierendertigste
35ste
vijfendertig
vijfendertigste
36ste
zesendertig
zesendertigste
37ste
zevenendertig
zevenendertigste
38ste
achtendertig
achtendertigste
39ste
negenendertig
negenendertigste
40ste
veertig
veertigste
41ste
eenenveertig
eenenveertigste
42ste
tweeënveertig
tweeënveertigste
tweeenveertig
tweeenveertigste
43ste
drieënveertig
drieënveertigste
drieenveertig
drieenveertigste
44ste
vierenveertig
vierenveertigste
45ste
vijfenveertig
vijfenveertigste
46ste
zesenveertig
zesenveertigste
47ste
zevenenveertig
zevenenveertigste
48ste
achtenveertig
achtenveertigste
49ste
negenenveertig
negenenveertigste
50ste
vijftig
vijftigste
51ste
eenenvijftig
eenenvijftigste
52ste
tweeënvijftig
tweeënvijftigste
tweeenvijftig
tweeenvijftigste
53ste
drieënvijftig
drieënvijftigste
drieenvijftig
drieenvijftigste

Ignored words

In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

om

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

in
van

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

op

Words that set the date, time, or both

There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words ’yesterday’ or ’tomorrow’. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

eergisteren −0:0:0:2:0:0:0
gisteren −0:0:0:1:0:0:0
morgen +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
overmorgen +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
vandaag 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words ’noon’ or ’midnight’.

The following words may be used:

middernacht 00:00:00
noen 12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word ’now’ is one of these.

The following words may be used:

nou 0:0:0:0:0:0:0
nu 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Hour/Minute/Second separators

When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf−8 characters may be tricky. For example, don’t include the expression ’[x]’ where ’x’ is a utf−8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

[.] [.]
[uh] [m]

Fractional second separator

When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

KNOWN BUGS

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO

Date::Manip − main module documentation

LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)