Date::Manip::Lang::german

NAME

Date::Manip::Lang::german − German language support.

SYNOPSIS

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.
Month names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

Januar
Jänner
Februar
März
Marz
Maerz
April
Mai
Juni
Juli
August
September
Oktober
November
Dezember

The following abbreviations may be used:

Jän
Jan
Feb
Mär
Mar
Apr
Mai
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Okt
Nov
Dez

Day names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

Montag
Dienstag
Mittwoch
Donnerstag
Freitag
Samstag
Sonnabend
Sonntag

The following abbreviations may be used:

Mo
Mo.
Di
Di.
Mi
Mi.
Do
Do.
Fr
Fr.
Sa
Sa.
So
So.

The following short (1−2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

M
Di
Mi
Do
F
Sa
So

Delta field names

These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

Jahren
j
Jahr
Jahre
Monaten
m
Monat
Monate
Wochen
w
Woche
Tagen
t
Tag
Tage
Stunden
h
std
Stunde
Minuten
min
Minute
Sekunden
s
sek
Sekunde

Morning/afternoon times

This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12−hour time rather than a 24−hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

FM
vorm.
EM
nachm.

Each or every

There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

jeden

Next/Previous/Last occurrence

There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week
LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday
LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

nachsten
nächsten
nachste
nächste

Previous occurrence:

vorherigen
vorherige
letzte
letzten

Last occurrence:

letzten
letzte

Delta words for going forward/backward in time

When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

vor
vorigen
vorherigen
vorherige
in
spater
später

Business mode

This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

genau
ungefahr
ungefähr

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

Arbeitstag
Arbeits

Numbers

Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1.
erste
erster
eins
2.
zweite
zwei
zweiter
3.
dritte
drei
dritter
4.
vierte
vier
5.
funfte
fünfte
fünf
fünfter
funf
funfter
6.
sechste
sechs
sechster
7.
siebente
siebte
sieben
siebter
8.
achte
achten
9.
neunte
neun
neunten
10.
zehnte
zehn
zehnten
11.
elfte
elf
12.
zwolfte
zwölfte
zwölf
zwölften
zwolf
zwolften
13.
dreizehnte
dreizehn
14.
vierzehnte
vierzehn
15.
funfzehnte
fünfzehnte
fünfzehn
fünfzehnten
funfzehn
funfzehnten
16.
sechzehnte
sechzehn
17.
siebzehnte
siebzehn
18.
achtzehnte
achtzehn
19.
neunzehnte
neunzehn
20.
zwanzigste
zwanzig
zwanzigsten
21.
einundzwanzigste
einundzwanzigsten
22.
zweiundzwanzigste
zweiundzwanzigsten
23.
dreiundzwanzigste
dreiundzwanzigsten
24.
vierundzwanzigste
vierundzwanzigsten
25.
funfundzwanzigste
fünfundzwanzigste
fünfundzwanzigsten
funfundzwanzigsten
26.
sechsundzwanzigste
sechsundzwanzigsten
27.
siebenundzwanzigste
siebenundzwanzigsten
28.
achtundzwanzigste
achtundzwanzigsten
29.
neunundzwanzigste
neunundzwanzigsten
30.
dreibigste
dreiÃigste
dreiÃig
dreiÃigsten
dreibig
dreibigsten
31.
einunddreibigste
einunddreiÃigste
einunddreiÃig
einunddreiÃigsten
einunddreibig
einunddreibigsten
32.
zweiunddreiÃig
zweiunddreiÃigste
zweiunddreibig
zweiunddreibigste
33.
dreiunddreiÃig
dreiunddreiÃigsten
dreiunddreibig
dreiunddreibigsten
34.
vierunddreiÃig
vierunddreiÃigste
vierunddreibig
vierunddreibigste
35.
fünfunddreiÃig
fünfunddreiÃigste
funfunddreibig
funfunddreibigste
36.
sechsunddreiÃig
sechsunddreiÃigste
sechsunddreibig
sechsunddreibigste
37.
siebenunddreiÃig
siebenunddreiÃigsten
siebenunddreibig
siebenunddreibigsten
38.
achtunddreiÃig
achtunddreiÃigsten
achtunddreibig
achtunddreibigsten
39.
neununddreiÃig
neununddreiÃigsten
neununddreibig
neununddreibigsten
40.
vierzig
vierzigsten
41.
einundvierzig
einundvierzigsten
42.
zweiundvierzig
zweiundvierzigsten
43.
dreiundvierzig
dreiundvierzigsten
44.
vierundvierzig
vierundvierzigsten
45.
fünfundvierzig
fünfundvierzigsten
funfundvierzig
funfundvierzigsten
46.
sechsundvierzig
sechsundvierzigsten
47.
siebenundvierzig
siebenundvierzigste
47.
siebenundvierzig
siebenundvierzigste
49.
neunundvierzig
neunundvierzigsten
50.
fünfzig
fünfzigsten
funfzig
funfzigsten
51.
einundfünfzig
einundfünfzigsten
einundfunfzig
einundfunfzigsten
52.
zweiundfünfzig
zweiundfünfzigsten
zweiundfunfzig
zweiundfunfzigsten
53.
dreiundfünfzig
dreiundfünfzigsten
dreiundfunfzig
dreiundfunfzigsten

Ignored words

In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

um

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

der
im
des

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

am

Words that set the date, time, or both

There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words ’yesterday’ or ’tomorrow’. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

gestern −0:0:0:1:0:0:0
heute 0:0:0:0:0:0:0
morgen +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
übermorgen +0:0:0:2:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words ’noon’ or ’midnight’.

The following words may be used:

mittag 12:00:00
mitternacht 00:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word ’now’ is one of these.

The following words may be used:

jetzt 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Hour/Minute/Second separators

When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf−8 characters may be tricky. For example, don’t include the expression ’[x]’ where ’x’ is a utf−8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language

Fractional second separator

When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

KNOWN BUGS

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO

Date::Manip − main module documentation

LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)