Date::Manip::Lang::italian

NAME

Date::Manip::Lang::italian − Italian language support.

SYNOPSIS

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.
Month names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

Gennaio
Febbraio
Marzo
Aprile
Maggio
Giugno
Luglio
Agosto
Settembre
Ottobre
Novembre
Dicembre

The following abbreviations may be used:

Gen
Feb
Mar
Apr
Mag
Giu
Lug
Ago
Set
Ott
Nov
Dic

Day names and abbreviations

When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

Lunedì
Lunedi
Martedì
Martedi
Mercoledì
Mercoledi
Giovedì
Giovedi
Venerdì
Venerdi
Sabato
Domenica

The following abbreviations may be used:

Lun
Mar
Mer
Gio
Ven
Sab
Dom

The following short (1−2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

L
Ma
Me
G
V
S
D

Delta field names

These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

anni
anno
a
mesi
mese
mes
m
settimane
settimana
sett
giorni
giorno
g
ore
ora
h
minuti
minuto
min
secondi
s
secondo
sec

Morning/afternoon times

This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12−hour time rather than a 24−hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

AM
m.
PM
p.

Each or every

There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

ogni

Next/Previous/Last occurrence

There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week
LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday
LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

prossimo

Previous occurrence:

ultimo

Last occurrence:

ultimo

Delta words for going forward/backward in time

When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

fa
fra
dopo

Business mode

This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

esattamente
circa

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

lavorativi
lavorativo

Numbers

Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1mo
uno
primo
2do
due
secondo
3zo
tre
terzo
4to
quattro
quarto
5to
cinque
quinto
6to
sei
sesto
7mo
sette
settimo
8vo
otto
ottavo
9no
nove
nono
10mo
dieci
decimo
11mo
undici
undicesimo
12mo
dodici
dodicesimo
13mo
tredici
tredicesimo
14mo
quattordici
quattordicesimo
15mo
quindici
quindicesimo
16mo
sedici
sedicesimo
17mo
diciassette
diciassettesimo
18mo
diciotto
diciottesimo
19mo
diciannove
diciannovesimo
20mo
venti
ventesimo
21mo
ventuno
ventunesimo
22mo
ventidue
ventiduesimo
23mo
ventitre
ventitreesimo
24mo
ventiquattro
ventiquattresimo
25mo
venticinque
venticinquesimo
26mo
ventisei
ventiseiesimo
27mo
ventisette
ventisettesimo
28mo
ventotto
ventottesimo
29mo
ventinove
ventinovesimo
3mo
trenta
trentesima
trentesimo
31mo
trentuno
trentunesimo
32mo
trentadue
trentiduesima
33mo
trentatré
trentatre
trentitreesime
34mo
trentaquattro
trentiquattresimo
35mo
trentacinque
trenticinquesima
36mo
trentasei
trentiseisima
37mo
trentasette
trentisettesima
38mo
trentotto
trentiottesime
39mo
trentanove
trentinovesime
40mo
quaranta
quarantesimo
41mo
quarantuno
quarantunesimo
42mo
quarantadue
quarantiduesime
43mo
quaranta
quarantitreesima
44mo
quarantaquattro
quarantiquattresime
45mo
quarantacinque
quaranticinquesima
46mo
quarantasei
quarantiseisime
47mo
quarantasette
quarantisettesimo
48mo
quarantotto
quarantiottesima
49mo
quarantanove
quarantinovesime
50mo
cinquanta
cinquantesimo
51mo
cinquantuno
cinquantunesimo
52mo
cinquantadue
cinquantiduesime
53mo
cinquantatré
cinquantatre
cinquantitreesimo

Ignored words

In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

alle

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

della
del

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

di

Words that set the date, time, or both

There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words ’yesterday’ or ’tomorrow’. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

domani +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
ieri −0:0:0:1:0:0:0
oggi 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words ’noon’ or ’midnight’.

The following words may be used:

mezzanotte 00:00:00
mezzogiorno 12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word ’now’ is one of these.

The following words may be used:

adesso 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Hour/Minute/Second separators

When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf−8 characters may be tricky. For example, don’t include the expression ’[x]’ where ’x’ is a utf−8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language

Fractional second separator

When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

KNOWN BUGS

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO

Date::Manip − main module documentation

LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)