DateTime::TimeZone::Catalog

NAME

DateTime::TimeZone::Catalog − Provides a list of all valid time zone names

DESCRIPTION

This module contains an enumerated list of all known system timezones, so that applications can easily present a list of timezones.

AVAILABLE ZONES

Zones by Continent/Region
Africa

Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Accra
Africa/Algiers
Africa/Bissau
Africa/Cairo
Africa/Casablanca
Africa/El_Aaiun
Africa/Johannesburg
Africa/Juba
Africa/Khartoum
Africa/Lagos
Africa/Maputo
Africa/Monrovia
Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Ndjamena
Africa/Sao_Tome
Africa/Tripoli
Africa/Tunis
Africa/Windhoek
Africa/Ceuta

America

America/Araguaina
America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires
America/Argentina/Catamarca
America/Argentina/Cordoba
America/Argentina/Jujuy
America/Argentina/La_Rioja
America/Argentina/Mendoza
America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos
America/Argentina/Salta
America/Argentina/San_Juan
America/Argentina/San_Luis
America/Argentina/Tucuman
America/Argentina/Ushuaia
America/Asuncion
America/Bahia
America/Belem
America/Boa_Vista
America/Bogota
America/Campo_Grande
America/Caracas
America/Cayenne
America/Cuiaba
America/Curacao
America/Eirunepe
America/Fortaleza
America/Guayaquil
America/Guyana
America/La_Paz
America/Lima
America/Maceio
America/Manaus
America/Montevideo
America/Noronha
America/Paramaribo
America/Port_of_Spain
America/Porto_Velho
America/Punta_Arenas
America/Recife
America/Rio_Branco
America/Santarem
America/Santiago
America/Sao_Paulo
America/Danmarkshavn
America/Godthab
America/Scoresbysund
America/Thule
America/Adak
America/Anchorage
America/Atikokan
America/Bahia_Banderas
America/Barbados
America/Belize
America/Blanc−Sablon
America/Boise
America/Cambridge_Bay
America/Cancun
America/Chicago
America/Chihuahua
America/Costa_Rica
America/Creston
America/Dawson
America/Dawson_Creek
America/Denver
America/Detroit
America/Edmonton
America/El_Salvador
America/Fort_Nelson
America/Glace_Bay
America/Goose_Bay
America/Grand_Turk
America/Guatemala
America/Halifax
America/Havana
America/Hermosillo
America/Indiana/Indianapolis
America/Indiana/Knox
America/Indiana/Marengo
America/Indiana/Petersburg
America/Indiana/Tell_City
America/Indiana/Vevay
America/Indiana/Vincennes
America/Indiana/Winamac
America/Inuvik
America/Iqaluit
America/Jamaica
America/Juneau
America/Kentucky/Louisville
America/Kentucky/Monticello
America/Los_Angeles
America/Managua
America/Martinique
America/Matamoros
America/Mazatlan
America/Menominee
America/Merida
America/Metlakatla
America/Mexico_City
America/Miquelon
America/Moncton
America/Monterrey
America/Nassau
America/New_York
America/Nipigon
America/Nome
America/North_Dakota/Beulah
America/North_Dakota/Center
America/North_Dakota/New_Salem
America/Ojinaga
America/Panama
America/Pangnirtung
America/Phoenix
America/Port−au−Prince
America/Puerto_Rico
America/Rainy_River
America/Rankin_Inlet
America/Regina
America/Resolute
America/Santo_Domingo
America/Sitka
America/St_Johns
America/Swift_Current
America/Tegucigalpa
America/Thunder_Bay
America/Tijuana
America/Toronto
America/Vancouver
America/Whitehorse
America/Winnipeg
America/Yakutat
America/Yellowknife

Antarctica

Antarctica/Casey
Antarctica/Davis
Antarctica/DumontDUrville
Antarctica/Mawson
Antarctica/Rothera
Antarctica/Syowa
Antarctica/Troll
Antarctica/Vostok
Antarctica/Macquarie
Antarctica/Palmer

Asia

Asia/Almaty
Asia/Amman
Asia/Aqtau
Asia/Aqtobe
Asia/Ashgabat
Asia/Atyrau
Asia/Baghdad
Asia/Baku
Asia/Bangkok
Asia/Beirut
Asia/Bishkek
Asia/Brunei
Asia/Choibalsan
Asia/Colombo
Asia/Damascus
Asia/Dhaka
Asia/Dili
Asia/Dubai
Asia/Dushanbe
Asia/Famagusta
Asia/Gaza
Asia/Hebron
Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh
Asia/Hong_Kong
Asia/Hovd
Asia/Jakarta
Asia/Jayapura
Asia/Jerusalem
Asia/Kabul
Asia/Karachi
Asia/Kathmandu
Asia/Kolkata
Asia/Kuala_Lumpur
Asia/Kuching
Asia/Macau
Asia/Makassar
Asia/Manila
Asia/Nicosia
Asia/Oral
Asia/Pontianak
Asia/Pyongyang
Asia/Qatar
Asia/Qostanay
Asia/Qyzylorda
Asia/Riyadh
Asia/Samarkand
Asia/Seoul
Asia/Shanghai
Asia/Singapore
Asia/Taipei
Asia/Tashkent
Asia/Tbilisi
Asia/Tehran
Asia/Thimphu
Asia/Tokyo
Asia/Ulaanbaatar
Asia/Urumqi
Asia/Yangon
Asia/Yerevan
Asia/Anadyr
Asia/Barnaul
Asia/Chita
Asia/Irkutsk
Asia/Kamchatka
Asia/Khandyga
Asia/Krasnoyarsk
Asia/Magadan
Asia/Novokuznetsk
Asia/Novosibirsk
Asia/Omsk
Asia/Sakhalin
Asia/Srednekolymsk
Asia/Tomsk
Asia/Ust−Nera
Asia/Vladivostok
Asia/Yakutsk
Asia/Yekaterinburg

Atlantic

Atlantic/Cape_Verde
Atlantic/South_Georgia
Atlantic/Stanley
Atlantic/Azores
Atlantic/Canary
Atlantic/Faroe
Atlantic/Madeira
Atlantic/Reykjavik
Atlantic/Bermuda

Australia

Australia/Adelaide
Australia/Brisbane
Australia/Broken_Hill
Australia/Currie
Australia/Darwin
Australia/Eucla
Australia/Hobart
Australia/Lindeman
Australia/Lord_Howe
Australia/Melbourne
Australia/Perth
Australia/Sydney

Europe

Europe/Amsterdam
Europe/Andorra
Europe/Astrakhan
Europe/Athens
Europe/Belgrade
Europe/Berlin
Europe/Brussels
Europe/Bucharest
Europe/Budapest
Europe/Chisinau
Europe/Copenhagen
Europe/Dublin
Europe/Gibraltar
Europe/Helsinki
Europe/Istanbul
Europe/Kaliningrad
Europe/Kiev
Europe/Kirov
Europe/Lisbon
Europe/London
Europe/Luxembourg
Europe/Madrid
Europe/Malta
Europe/Minsk
Europe/Monaco
Europe/Moscow
Europe/Oslo
Europe/Paris
Europe/Prague
Europe/Riga
Europe/Rome
Europe/Samara
Europe/Saratov
Europe/Simferopol
Europe/Sofia
Europe/Stockholm
Europe/Tallinn
Europe/Tirane
Europe/Ulyanovsk
Europe/Uzhgorod
Europe/Vienna
Europe/Vilnius
Europe/Volgograd
Europe/Warsaw
Europe/Zaporozhye
Europe/Zurich

Indian

Indian/Mahe
Indian/Mauritius
Indian/Reunion
Indian/Kerguelen
Indian/Christmas
Indian/Cocos
Indian/Chagos
Indian/Maldives

Pacific

Pacific/Apia
Pacific/Auckland
Pacific/Bougainville
Pacific/Chatham
Pacific/Chuuk
Pacific/Efate
Pacific/Enderbury
Pacific/Fakaofo
Pacific/Fiji
Pacific/Funafuti
Pacific/Gambier
Pacific/Guadalcanal
Pacific/Guam
Pacific/Kiritimati
Pacific/Kosrae
Pacific/Kwajalein
Pacific/Majuro
Pacific/Marquesas
Pacific/Nauru
Pacific/Niue
Pacific/Norfolk
Pacific/Noumea
Pacific/Pago_Pago
Pacific/Palau
Pacific/Pitcairn
Pacific/Pohnpei
Pacific/Port_Moresby
Pacific/Rarotonga
Pacific/Tahiti
Pacific/Tarawa
Pacific/Tongatapu
Pacific/Wake
Pacific/Wallis
Pacific/Easter
Pacific/Galapagos
Pacific/Honolulu

Zones by Country
Afghanistan ( AF )

Asia/Kabul

Aland Islands ( AX )

Europe/Mariehamn

Albania ( AL )

Europe/Tirane

Algeria ( DZ )

Africa/Algiers

American Samoa ( AS )

Pacific/Pago_Pago

Andorra ( AD )

Europe/Andorra

Angola ( AO )

Africa/Luanda

Anguilla ( AI )

America/Anguilla

Antarctica ( AQ )

Antarctica/McMurdo − New Zealand time − McMurdo, South Pole
Antarctica/Casey − Casey
Antarctica/Davis − Davis
Antarctica/DumontDUrville − Dumont−d'Urville
Antarctica/Mawson − Mawson
Antarctica/Palmer − Palmer
Antarctica/Rothera − Rothera
Antarctica/Syowa − Syowa
Antarctica/Troll − Troll
Antarctica/Vostok − Vostok

Antigua and Barbuda ( AG )

America/Antigua

Argentina ( AR )

America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires − Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
America/Argentina/Cordoba − Argentina (most areas: CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
America/Argentina/Salta − Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
America/Argentina/Jujuy − Jujuy (JY)
America/Argentina/Tucuman − Tucuman (TM)
America/Argentina/Catamarca − Catamarca (CT); Chubut (CH)
America/Argentina/La_Rioja − La Rioja (LR)
America/Argentina/San_Juan − San Juan (SJ)
America/Argentina/Mendoza − Mendoza (MZ)
America/Argentina/San_Luis − San Luis (SL)
America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos − Santa Cruz (SC)
America/Argentina/Ushuaia − Tierra del Fuego (TF)

Armenia ( AM )

Asia/Yerevan

Aruba ( AW )

America/Aruba

Australia ( AU )

Australia/Lord_Howe − Lord Howe Island
Antarctica/Macquarie − Macquarie Island
Australia/Hobart − Tasmania (most areas)
Australia/Currie − Tasmania (King Island)
Australia/Melbourne − Victoria
Australia/Sydney − New South Wales (most areas)
Australia/Broken_Hill − New South Wales (Yancowinna)
Australia/Brisbane − Queensland (most areas)
Australia/Lindeman − Queensland (Whitsunday Islands)
Australia/Adelaide − South Australia
Australia/Darwin − Northern Territory
Australia/Perth − Western Australia (most areas)
Australia/Eucla − Western Australia (Eucla)

Austria ( AT )

Europe/Vienna

Azerbaijan ( AZ )

Asia/Baku

Bahamas ( BS )

America/Nassau

Bahrain ( BH )

Asia/Bahrain

Bangladesh ( BD )

Asia/Dhaka

Barbados ( BB )

America/Barbados

Belarus ( BY )

Europe/Minsk

Belgium ( BE )

Europe/Brussels

Belize ( BZ )

America/Belize

Benin ( BJ )

Africa/Porto−Novo

Bermuda ( BM )

Atlantic/Bermuda

Bhutan ( BT )

Asia/Thimphu

Bolivia (Plurinational State of) ( BO )

America/La_Paz

Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba ( BQ )

America/Kralendijk

Bosnia and Herzegovina ( BA )

Europe/Sarajevo

Botswana ( BW )

Africa/Gaborone

Brazil ( BR )

America/Noronha − Atlantic islands
America/Belem − Para (east); Amapa
America/Fortaleza − Brazil (northeast: MA, PI, CE, RN, PB)
America/Recife − Pernambuco
America/Araguaina − Tocantins
America/Maceio − Alagoas, Sergipe
America/Bahia − Bahia
America/Sao_Paulo − Brazil (southeast: GO, DF, MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS)
America/Campo_Grande − Mato Grosso do Sul
America/Cuiaba − Mato Grosso
America/Santarem − Para (west)
America/Porto_Velho − Rondonia
America/Boa_Vista − Roraima
America/Manaus − Amazonas (east)
America/Eirunepe − Amazonas (west)
America/Rio_Branco − Acre

British Indian Ocean Territory ( IO )

Indian/Chagos

Brunei Darussalam ( BN )

Asia/Brunei

Bulgaria ( BG )

Europe/Sofia

Burkina Faso ( BF )

Africa/Ouagadougou

Burundi ( BI )

Africa/Bujumbura

Cabo Verde ( CV )

Atlantic/Cape_Verde

Cambodia ( KH )

Asia/Phnom_Penh

Cameroon ( CM )

Africa/Douala

Canada ( CA )

America/St_Johns − Newfoundland; Labrador (southeast)
America/Halifax − Atlantic − NS (most areas); PE
America/Glace_Bay − Atlantic − NS (Cape Breton)
America/Moncton − Atlantic − New Brunswick
America/Goose_Bay − Atlantic − Labrador (most areas)
America/Blanc−Sablon − AST − QC (Lower North Shore)
America/Toronto − Eastern − ON, QC (most areas)
America/Nipigon − Eastern − ON, QC (no DST 1967−73)
America/Thunder_Bay − Eastern − ON (Thunder Bay)
America/Iqaluit − Eastern − NU (most east areas)
America/Pangnirtung − Eastern − NU (Pangnirtung)
America/Atikokan − EST − ON (Atikokan); NU (Coral H)
America/Winnipeg − Central − ON (west); Manitoba
America/Rainy_River − Central − ON (Rainy R, Ft Frances)
America/Resolute − Central − NU (Resolute)
America/Rankin_Inlet − Central − NU (central)
America/Regina − CST − SK (most areas)
America/Swift_Current − CST − SK (midwest)
America/Edmonton − Mountain − AB; BC (E); SK (W)
America/Cambridge_Bay − Mountain − NU (west)
America/Yellowknife − Mountain − NT (central)
America/Inuvik − Mountain − NT (west)
America/Creston − MST − BC (Creston)
America/Dawson_Creek − MST − BC (Dawson Cr, Ft St John)
America/Fort_Nelson − MST − BC (Ft Nelson)
America/Vancouver − Pacific − BC (most areas)
America/Whitehorse − Pacific − Yukon (south)
America/Dawson − Pacific − Yukon (north)

Cayman Islands ( KY )

America/Cayman

Central African Republic ( CF )

Africa/Bangui

Chad ( TD )

Africa/Ndjamena

Chile ( CL )

America/Santiago − Chile (most areas)
America/Punta_Arenas − Region of Magallanes
Pacific/Easter − Easter Island

China ( CN )

Asia/Shanghai − Beijing Time
Asia/Urumqi − Xinjiang Time

Christmas Island ( CX )

Indian/Christmas

Cocos (Keeling) Islands ( CC )

Indian/Cocos

Colombia ( CO )

America/Bogota

Comoros ( KM )

Indian/Comoro

Congo ( CG )

Africa/Brazzaville

Congo (The Democratic Republic of the) ( CD )

Africa/Kinshasa − Dem. Rep. of Congo (west)
Africa/Lubumbashi − Dem. Rep. of Congo (east)

Cook Islands ( CK )

Pacific/Rarotonga

Costa Rica ( CR )

America/Costa_Rica

Cote d’Ivoire ( CI )

Africa/Abidjan

Croatia ( HR )

Europe/Zagreb

Cuba ( CU )

America/Havana

Curacao ( CW )

America/Curacao

Cyprus ( CY )

Asia/Nicosia − Cyprus (most areas)
Asia/Famagusta − Northern Cyprus

Czechia ( CZ )

Europe/Prague

Denmark ( DK )

Europe/Copenhagen

Djibouti ( DJ )

Africa/Djibouti

Dominica ( DM )

America/Dominica

Dominican Republic ( DO )

America/Santo_Domingo

Ecuador ( EC )

America/Guayaquil − Ecuador (mainland)
Pacific/Galapagos − Galapagos Islands

Egypt ( EG )

Africa/Cairo

El Salvador ( SV )

America/El_Salvador

Equatorial Guinea ( GQ )

Africa/Malabo

Eritrea ( ER )

Africa/Asmara

Estonia ( EE )

Europe/Tallinn

Eswatini ( SZ )

Africa/Mbabane

Ethiopia ( ET )

Africa/Addis_Ababa

Falkland Islands (The) [Malvinas] ( FK )

Atlantic/Stanley

Faroe Islands ( FO )

Atlantic/Faroe

Fiji ( FJ )

Pacific/Fiji

Finland ( FI )

Europe/Helsinki

France ( FR )

Europe/Paris

French Guiana ( GF )

America/Cayenne

French Polynesia ( PF )

Pacific/Tahiti − Society Islands
Pacific/Marquesas − Marquesas Islands
Pacific/Gambier − Gambier Islands

French Southern Territories ( TF )

Indian/Kerguelen

Gabon ( GA )

Africa/Libreville

Gambia ( GM )

Africa/Banjul

Georgia ( GE )

Asia/Tbilisi

Germany ( DE )

Europe/Berlin − Germany (most areas)
Europe/Busingen − Busingen

Ghana ( GH )

Africa/Accra

Gibraltar ( GI )

Europe/Gibraltar

Greece ( GR )

Europe/Athens

Greenland ( GL )

America/Godthab − Greenland (most areas)
America/Danmarkshavn − National Park (east coast)
America/Scoresbysund − Scoresbysund/Ittoqqortoormiit
America/Thule − Thule/Pituffik

Grenada ( GD )

America/Grenada

Guadeloupe ( GP )

America/Guadeloupe

Guam ( GU )

Pacific/Guam

Guatemala ( GT )

America/Guatemala

Guernsey ( GG )

Europe/Guernsey

Guinea ( GN )

Africa/Conakry

Guinea-Bissau ( GW )

Africa/Bissau

Guyana ( GY )

America/Guyana

Haiti ( HT )

America/Port−au−Prince

Holy See ( VA )

Europe/Vatican

Honduras ( HN )

America/Tegucigalpa

Hong Kong ( HK )

Asia/Hong_Kong

Hungary ( HU )

Europe/Budapest

Iceland ( IS )

Atlantic/Reykjavik

India ( IN )

Asia/Kolkata

Indonesia ( ID )

Asia/Jakarta − Java, Sumatra
Asia/Pontianak − Borneo (west, central)
Asia/Makassar − Borneo (east, south); Sulawesi/Celebes, Bali, Nusa Tengarra; Timor (west)
Asia/Jayapura − New Guinea (West Papua / Irian Jaya); Malukus/Moluccas

Iran (Islamic Republic of) ( IR )

Asia/Tehran

Iraq ( IQ )

Asia/Baghdad

Ireland ( IE )

Europe/Dublin

Isle of Man ( IM )

Europe/Isle_of_Man

Israel ( IL )

Asia/Jerusalem

Italy ( IT )

Europe/Rome

Jamaica ( JM )

America/Jamaica

Japan ( JP )

Asia/Tokyo

Jersey ( JE )

Europe/Jersey

Jordan ( JO )

Asia/Amman

Kazakhstan ( KZ )

Asia/Almaty − Kazakhstan (most areas)
Asia/Qyzylorda − Qyzylorda/Kyzylorda/Kzyl−Orda
Asia/Qostanay − Qostanay/Kostanay/Kustanay
Asia/Aqtobe − Aqtobe/Aktobe
Asia/Aqtau − Mangghystau/Mankistau
Asia/Atyrau − Atyrau/Atirau/Gur'yev
Asia/Oral − West Kazakhstan

Kenya ( KE )

Africa/Nairobi

Kiribati ( KI )

Pacific/Tarawa − Gilbert Islands
Pacific/Enderbury − Phoenix Islands
Pacific/Kiritimati − Line Islands

Korea, The Democratic People’s Republic of ( KP )

Asia/Pyongyang

Korea, The Republic of ( KR )

Asia/Seoul

Kuwait ( KW )

Asia/Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan ( KG )

Asia/Bishkek

Lao People’s Democratic Republic ( LA )

Asia/Vientiane

Latvia ( LV )

Europe/Riga

Lebanon ( LB )

Asia/Beirut

Lesotho ( LS )

Africa/Maseru

Liberia ( LR )

Africa/Monrovia

Libya ( LY )

Africa/Tripoli

Liechtenstein ( LI )

Europe/Vaduz

Lithuania ( LT )

Europe/Vilnius

Luxembourg ( LU )

Europe/Luxembourg

Macao ( MO )

Asia/Macau

Macedonia, The former Yugoslav Republic of ( MK )

Europe/Skopje

Madagascar ( MG )

Indian/Antananarivo

Malawi ( MW )

Africa/Blantyre

Malaysia ( MY )

Asia/Kuala_Lumpur − Malaysia (peninsula)
Asia/Kuching − Sabah, Sarawak

Maldives ( MV )

Indian/Maldives

Mali ( ML )

Africa/Bamako

Malta ( MT )

Europe/Malta

Marshall Islands ( MH )

Pacific/Majuro − Marshall Islands (most areas)
Pacific/Kwajalein − Kwajalein

Martinique ( MQ )

America/Martinique

Mauritania ( MR )

Africa/Nouakchott

Mauritius ( MU )

Indian/Mauritius

Mayotte ( YT )

Indian/Mayotte

Mexico ( MX )

America/Mexico_City − Central Time
America/Cancun − Eastern Standard Time − Quintana Roo
America/Merida − Central Time − Campeche, Yucatan
America/Monterrey − Central Time − Durango; Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas (most areas)
America/Matamoros − Central Time US − Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas (US border)
America/Mazatlan − Mountain Time − Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Sinaloa
America/Chihuahua − Mountain Time − Chihuahua (most areas)
America/Ojinaga − Mountain Time US − Chihuahua (US border)
America/Hermosillo − Mountain Standard Time − Sonora
America/Tijuana − Pacific Time US − Baja California
America/Bahia_Banderas − Central Time − Bahia de Banderas

Micronesia (Federated States of) ( FM )

Pacific/Chuuk − Chuuk/Truk, Yap
Pacific/Pohnpei − Pohnpei/Ponape
Pacific/Kosrae − Kosrae

Moldova, The Republic of ( MD )

Europe/Chisinau

Monaco ( MC )

Europe/Monaco

Mongolia ( MN )

Asia/Ulaanbaatar − Mongolia (most areas)
Asia/Hovd − Bayan−Olgiy, Govi−Altai, Hovd, Uvs, Zavkhan
Asia/Choibalsan − Dornod, Sukhbaatar

Montenegro ( ME )

Europe/Podgorica

Montserrat ( MS )

America/Montserrat

Morocco ( MA )

Africa/Casablanca

Mozambique ( MZ )

Africa/Maputo

Myanmar ( MM )

Asia/Yangon

Namibia ( NA )

Africa/Windhoek

Nauru ( NR )

Pacific/Nauru

Nepal ( NP )

Asia/Kathmandu

Netherlands ( NL )

Europe/Amsterdam

New Caledonia ( NC )

Pacific/Noumea

New Zealand ( NZ )

Pacific/Auckland − New Zealand (most areas)
Pacific/Chatham − Chatham Islands

Nicaragua ( NI )

America/Managua

Niger ( NE )

Africa/Niamey

Nigeria ( NG )

Africa/Lagos

Niue ( NU )

Pacific/Niue

Norfolk Island ( NF )

Pacific/Norfolk

Northern Mariana Islands ( MP )

Pacific/Saipan

Norway ( NO )

Europe/Oslo

Oman ( OM )

Asia/Muscat

Pakistan ( PK )

Asia/Karachi

Palau ( PW )

Pacific/Palau

Palestine, State of ( PS )

Asia/Gaza − Gaza Strip
Asia/Hebron − West Bank

Panama ( PA )

America/Panama

Papua New Guinea ( PG )

Pacific/Port_Moresby − Papua New Guinea (most areas)
Pacific/Bougainville − Bougainville

Paraguay ( PY )

America/Asuncion

Peru ( PE )

America/Lima

Philippines ( PH )

Asia/Manila

Pitcairn ( PN )

Pacific/Pitcairn

Poland ( PL )

Europe/Warsaw

Portugal ( PT )

Europe/Lisbon − Portugal (mainland)
Atlantic/Madeira − Madeira Islands
Atlantic/Azores − Azores

Puerto Rico ( PR )

America/Puerto_Rico

Qatar ( QA )

Asia/Qatar

Reunion ( RE )

Indian/Reunion

Romania ( RO )

Europe/Bucharest

Russian Federation ( RU )

Europe/Kaliningrad − MSK−01 − Kaliningrad
Europe/Moscow − MSK+00 − Moscow area
Europe/Simferopol − MSK+00 − Crimea
Europe/Kirov − MSK+00 − Kirov
Europe/Astrakhan − MSK+01 − Astrakhan
Europe/Volgograd − MSK+01 − Volgograd
Europe/Saratov − MSK+01 − Saratov
Europe/Ulyanovsk − MSK+01 − Ulyanovsk
Europe/Samara − MSK+01 − Samara, Udmurtia
Asia/Yekaterinburg − MSK+02 − Urals
Asia/Omsk − MSK+03 − Omsk
Asia/Novosibirsk − MSK+04 − Novosibirsk
Asia/Barnaul − MSK+04 − Altai
Asia/Tomsk − MSK+04 − Tomsk
Asia/Novokuznetsk − MSK+04 − Kemerovo
Asia/Krasnoyarsk − MSK+04 − Krasnoyarsk area
Asia/Irkutsk − MSK+05 − Irkutsk, Buryatia
Asia/Chita − MSK+06 − Zabaykalsky
Asia/Yakutsk − MSK+06 − Lena River
Asia/Khandyga − MSK+06 − Tomponsky, Ust−Maysky
Asia/Vladivostok − MSK+07 − Amur River
Asia/Ust−Nera − MSK+07 − Oymyakonsky
Asia/Magadan − MSK+08 − Magadan
Asia/Sakhalin − MSK+08 − Sakhalin Island
Asia/Srednekolymsk − MSK+08 − Sakha (E); North Kuril Is
Asia/Kamchatka − MSK+09 − Kamchatka
Asia/Anadyr − MSK+09 − Bering Sea

Rwanda ( RW )

Africa/Kigali

Saint Barthelemy ( BL )

America/St_Barthelemy

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha ( SH )

Atlantic/St_Helena

Saint Kitts and Nevis ( KN )

America/St_Kitts

Saint Lucia ( LC )

America/St_Lucia

Saint Martin (French part) ( MF )

America/Marigot

Saint Pierre and Miquelon ( PM )

America/Miquelon

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ( VC )

America/St_Vincent

Samoa ( WS )

Pacific/Apia

San Marino ( SM )

Europe/San_Marino

Sao Tome and Principe ( ST )

Africa/Sao_Tome

Saudi Arabia ( SA )

Asia/Riyadh

Senegal ( SN )

Africa/Dakar

Serbia ( RS )

Europe/Belgrade

Seychelles ( SC )

Indian/Mahe

Sierra Leone ( SL )

Africa/Freetown

Singapore ( SG )

Asia/Singapore

Sint Maarten (Dutch part) ( SX )

America/Lower_Princes

Slovakia ( SK )

Europe/Bratislava

Slovenia ( SI )

Europe/Ljubljana

Solomon Islands ( SB )

Pacific/Guadalcanal

Somalia ( SO )

Africa/Mogadishu

South Africa ( ZA )

Africa/Johannesburg

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands ( GS )

Atlantic/South_Georgia

South Sudan ( SS )

Africa/Juba

Spain ( ES )

Europe/Madrid − Spain (mainland)
Africa/Ceuta − Ceuta, Melilla
Atlantic/Canary − Canary Islands

Sri Lanka ( LK )

Asia/Colombo

Sudan ( SD )

Africa/Khartoum

Suriname ( SR )

America/Paramaribo

Svalbard and Jan Mayen ( SJ )

Arctic/Longyearbyen

Sweden ( SE )

Europe/Stockholm

Switzerland ( CH )

Europe/Zurich

Syrian Arab Republic ( SY )

Asia/Damascus

Taiwan (Province of China) ( TW )

Asia/Taipei

Tajikistan ( TJ )

Asia/Dushanbe

Tanzania, United Republic of ( TZ )

Africa/Dar_es_Salaam

Thailand ( TH )

Asia/Bangkok

Timor-Leste ( TL )

Asia/Dili

Togo ( TG )

Africa/Lome

Tokelau ( TK )

Pacific/Fakaofo

Tonga ( TO )

Pacific/Tongatapu

Trinidad and Tobago ( TT )

America/Port_of_Spain

Tunisia ( TN )

Africa/Tunis

Turkey ( TR )

Europe/Istanbul

Turkmenistan ( TM )

Asia/Ashgabat

Turks and Caicos Islands ( TC )

America/Grand_Turk

Tuvalu ( TV )

Pacific/Funafuti

Uganda ( UG )

Africa/Kampala

Ukraine ( UA )

Europe/Kiev − Ukraine (most areas)
Europe/Uzhgorod − Ruthenia
Europe/Zaporozhye − Zaporozh'ye/Zaporizhia; Lugansk/Luhansk (east)

United Arab Emirates ( AE )

Asia/Dubai

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ( GB )

Europe/London

United States Minor Outlying Islands ( UM )

Pacific/Midway − Midway Islands
Pacific/Wake − Wake Island

United States of America ( US )

America/New_York − Eastern (most areas)
America/Detroit − Eastern − MI (most areas)
America/Kentucky/Louisville − Eastern − KY (Louisville area)
America/Kentucky/Monticello − Eastern − KY (Wayne)
America/Indiana/Indianapolis − Eastern − IN (most areas)
America/Indiana/Vincennes − Eastern − IN (Da, Du, K, Mn)
America/Indiana/Winamac − Eastern − IN (Pulaski)
America/Indiana/Marengo − Eastern − IN (Crawford)
America/Indiana/Petersburg − Eastern − IN (Pike)
America/Indiana/Vevay − Eastern − IN (Switzerland)
America/Chicago − Central (most areas)
America/Indiana/Tell_City − Central − IN (Perry)
America/Indiana/Knox − Central − IN (Starke)
America/Menominee − Central − MI (Wisconsin border)
America/North_Dakota/Center − Central − ND (Oliver)
America/North_Dakota/New_Salem − Central − ND (Morton rural)
America/North_Dakota/Beulah − Central − ND (Mercer)
America/Denver − Mountain (most areas)
America/Boise − Mountain − ID (south); OR (east)
America/Phoenix − MST − Arizona (except Navajo)
America/Los_Angeles − Pacific
America/Anchorage − Alaska (most areas)
America/Juneau − Alaska − Juneau area
America/Sitka − Alaska − Sitka area
America/Metlakatla − Alaska − Annette Island
America/Yakutat − Alaska − Yakutat
America/Nome − Alaska (west)
America/Adak − Aleutian Islands
Pacific/Honolulu − Hawaii

Uruguay ( UY )

America/Montevideo

Uzbekistan ( UZ )

Asia/Samarkand − Uzbekistan (west)
Asia/Tashkent − Uzbekistan (east)

Vanuatu ( VU )

Pacific/Efate

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) ( VE )

America/Caracas

Viet Nam ( VN )

Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh

Virgin Islands (British) ( VG )

America/Tortola

Virgin Islands (U.S.) ( VI )

America/St_Thomas

Wallis and Futuna ( WF )

Pacific/Wallis

Western Sahara ( EH )

Africa/El_Aaiun

Yemen ( YE )

Asia/Aden

Zambia ( ZM )

Africa/Lusaka

Zimbabwe ( ZW )

Africa/Harare

Linked Zones
A linked zone is an alias from one name to another.

AKST9AKDT => America/Anchorage
Africa/Addis_Ababa => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Asmara => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Asmera => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Bamako => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Bangui => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Banjul => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Blantyre => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Brazzaville => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Bujumbura => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Conakry => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Dakar => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Dar_es_Salaam => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Djibouti => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Douala => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Freetown => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Gaborone => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Harare => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Kampala => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Kigali => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Kinshasa => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Libreville => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Lome => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Luanda => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Lubumbashi => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Lusaka => Africa/Maputo
Africa/Malabo => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Maseru => Africa/Johannesburg
Africa/Mbabane => Africa/Johannesburg
Africa/Mogadishu => Africa/Nairobi
Africa/Niamey => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Nouakchott => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Ouagadougou => Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Porto−Novo => Africa/Lagos
Africa/Timbuktu => Africa/Abidjan
America/Anguilla => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Antigua => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Argentina/ComodRivadavia => America/Argentina/Catamarca
America/Aruba => America/Curacao
America/Atka => America/Adak
America/Buenos_Aires => America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires
America/Catamarca => America/Argentina/Catamarca
America/Cayman => America/Panama
America/Coral_Harbour => America/Atikokan
America/Cordoba => America/Argentina/Cordoba
America/Dominica => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Ensenada => America/Tijuana
America/Fort_Wayne => America/Indiana/Indianapolis
America/Grenada => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Guadeloupe => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Indianapolis => America/Indiana/Indianapolis
America/Jujuy => America/Argentina/Jujuy
America/Knox_IN => America/Indiana/Knox
America/Kralendijk => America/Curacao
America/Louisville => America/Kentucky/Louisville
America/Lower_Princes => America/Curacao
America/Marigot => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Mendoza => America/Argentina/Mendoza
America/Montreal => America/Toronto
America/Montserrat => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Porto_Acre => America/Rio_Branco
America/Rosario => America/Argentina/Cordoba
America/Santa_Isabel => America/Tijuana
America/Shiprock => America/Denver
America/St_Barthelemy => America/Port_of_Spain
America/St_Kitts => America/Port_of_Spain
America/St_Lucia => America/Port_of_Spain
America/St_Thomas => America/Port_of_Spain
America/St_Vincent => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Tortola => America/Port_of_Spain
America/Virgin => America/Port_of_Spain
Antarctica/McMurdo => Pacific/Auckland
Antarctica/South_Pole => Pacific/Auckland
Arctic/Longyearbyen => Europe/Oslo
Asia/Aden => Asia/Riyadh
Asia/Ashkhabad => Asia/Ashgabat
Asia/Bahrain => Asia/Qatar
Asia/Calcutta => Asia/Kolkata
Asia/Chongqing => Asia/Shanghai
Asia/Chungking => Asia/Shanghai
Asia/Dacca => Asia/Dhaka
Asia/Harbin => Asia/Shanghai
Asia/Istanbul => Europe/Istanbul
Asia/Kashgar => Asia/Urumqi
Asia/Katmandu => Asia/Kathmandu
Asia/Kuwait => Asia/Riyadh
Asia/Macao => Asia/Macau
Asia/Muscat => Asia/Dubai
Asia/Phnom_Penh => Asia/Bangkok
Asia/Rangoon => Asia/Yangon
Asia/Saigon => Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh
Asia/Tel_Aviv => Asia/Jerusalem
Asia/Thimbu => Asia/Thimphu
Asia/Ujung_Pandang => Asia/Makassar
Asia/Ulan_Bator => Asia/Ulaanbaatar
Asia/Vientiane => Asia/Bangkok
Atlantic/Faeroe => Atlantic/Faroe
Atlantic/Jan_Mayen => Europe/Oslo
Atlantic/St_Helena => Africa/Abidjan
Australia/ACT => Australia/Sydney
Australia/Canberra => Australia/Sydney
Australia/LHI => Australia/Lord_Howe
Australia/NSW => Australia/Sydney
Australia/North => Australia/Darwin
Australia/Queensland => Australia/Brisbane
Australia/South => Australia/Adelaide
Australia/Tasmania => Australia/Hobart
Australia/Victoria => Australia/Melbourne
Australia/West => Australia/Perth
Australia/Yancowinna => Australia/Broken_Hill
Brazil/Acre => America/Rio_Branco
Brazil/DeNoronha => America/Noronha
Brazil/East => America/Sao_Paulo
Brazil/West => America/Manaus
Canada/Atlantic => America/Halifax
Canada/Central => America/Winnipeg
Canada/Eastern => America/Toronto
Canada/Mountain => America/Edmonton
Canada/Newfoundland => America/St_Johns
Canada/Pacific => America/Vancouver
Canada/Saskatchewan => America/Regina
Canada/Yukon => America/Whitehorse
Chile/Continental => America/Santiago
Chile/EasterIsland => Pacific/Easter
Cuba => America/Havana
Egypt => Africa/Cairo
Eire => Europe/Dublin
Etc/GMT => UTC
Etc/GMT+0 => UTC
Etc/UCT => UTC
Etc/UTC => UTC
Etc/Universal => UTC
Etc/Zulu => UTC
Europe/Belfast => Europe/London
Europe/Bratislava => Europe/Prague
Europe/Busingen => Europe/Zurich
Europe/Guernsey => Europe/London
Europe/Isle_of_Man => Europe/London
Europe/Jersey => Europe/London
Europe/Ljubljana => Europe/Belgrade
Europe/Mariehamn => Europe/Helsinki
Europe/Nicosia => Asia/Nicosia
Europe/Podgorica => Europe/Belgrade
Europe/San_Marino => Europe/Rome
Europe/Sarajevo => Europe/Belgrade
Europe/Skopje => Europe/Belgrade
Europe/Tiraspol => Europe/Chisinau
Europe/Vaduz => Europe/Zurich
Europe/Vatican => Europe/Rome
Europe/Zagreb => Europe/Belgrade
GB => Europe/London
GB−Eire => Europe/London
GMT => UTC
GMT+0 => UTC
GMT−0 => UTC
GMT0 => UTC
Greenwich => UTC
Hongkong => Asia/Hong_Kong
Iceland => Atlantic/Reykjavik
Indian/Antananarivo => Africa/Nairobi
Indian/Comoro => Africa/Nairobi
Indian/Mayotte => Africa/Nairobi
Iran => Asia/Tehran
Israel => Asia/Jerusalem
JST−9 => Asia/Tokyo
Jamaica => America/Jamaica
Japan => Asia/Tokyo
Kwajalein => Pacific/Kwajalein
Libya => Africa/Tripoli
Mexico/BajaNorte => America/Tijuana
Mexico/BajaSur => America/Mazatlan
Mexico/General => America/Mexico_City
NZ => Pacific/Auckland
NZ−CHAT => Pacific/Chatham
Navajo => America/Denver
PRC => Asia/Shanghai
Pacific/Johnston => Pacific/Honolulu
Pacific/Midway => Pacific/Pago_Pago
Pacific/Ponape => Pacific/Pohnpei
Pacific/Saipan => Pacific/Guam
Pacific/Samoa => Pacific/Pago_Pago
Pacific/Truk => Pacific/Chuuk
Pacific/Yap => Pacific/Chuuk
Poland => Europe/Warsaw
Portugal => Europe/Lisbon
ROC => Asia/Taipei
ROK => Asia/Seoul
Singapore => Asia/Singapore
Turkey => Europe/Istanbul
UCT => UTC
US/Alaska => America/Anchorage
US/Aleutian => America/Adak
US/Arizona => America/Phoenix
US/Central => America/Chicago
US/East−Indiana => America/Indiana/Indianapolis
US/Eastern => America/New_York
US/Hawaii => Pacific/Honolulu
US/Indiana−Starke => America/Indiana/Knox
US/Michigan => America/Detroit
US/Mountain => America/Denver
US/Pacific => America/Los_Angeles
US/Pacific−New => America/Los_Angeles
US/Samoa => Pacific/Pago_Pago
Universal => UTC
W−SU => Europe/Moscow
Zulu => UTC