Fun − Function manipulation.
: sig end
val id : ’a -> ’a
id is the identity function. For any argument x , id x is x .
val const : ’a -> ’b -> ’a
const c is a function that always returns the value c . For any argument x , (const c) x is c .
val flip : (’a -> ’b -> ’c) -> ’b -> ’a -> ’c
flip f reverses the argument order of the binary function f . For any arguments x and y , (flip f) x y is f y x .
val negate : (’a -> bool) -> ’a -> bool
negate p is the negation of the predicate function p . For any argument x , (negate p) x is not (p x) .
val protect : finally:(unit -> unit) -> (unit -> ’a) -> ’a
protect ~finally work invokes work () and then finally () before work () returns with its value or an exception. In the latter case the exception is re−raised after finally () . If finally () raises an exception, then the exception Fun.Finally_raised is raised instead.
protect can be used to enforce local invariants whether work () returns normally or raises an exception. However, it does not protect against unexpected exceptions raised inside finally () such as Out_of_memory , Stack_overflow , or asynchronous exceptions raised by signal handlers (e.g. Sys.Break ).
Note: It is a programming error if other kinds of exceptions are raised by finally , as any exception raised in work () will be lost in the event of a Fun.Finally_raised exception. Therefore, one should make sure to handle those inside the finally.
exception Finally_raised of exn
Finally_raised exn is raised by protect ~finally work when finally raises an exception exn . This exception denotes either an unexpected exception or a programming error. As a general rule, one should not catch a Finally_raised exception except as part of a catch−all handler.